Dehradun is the capital city of Uttarakhand (formerly known as Uttaranchal), a state in the northern part of India. Ex-Chief Minister Vijay Bahuguna promised to undertake numerous developmental projects in Gairsain, during his first visit to the town. Gairsain is also the headquarter of the Gairsain Tehsil – one of the six district subdivisions of Chamoli district. [42] The town is 260 km north-east of Dehradun, 170 km south of Badrinath, 140 km north-west of Nainital and approximately 450 km north-east of New Delhi. [48] Its location on the southern slopes of the outer Himalayas allows the monsoon currents to enter through the valley. The nearest airport is Gauchar Airport, at Gauchar which is approximately 54 km.[41]. Gairsain: Twenty years after Uttarakhand was granted statehood, an announcement was made in the state assembly on Wednesday to make Gairsain its summer capital. CM Rawat made the announcement during the ongoing Budget session of the Uttarakhand Assembly at Gairsain. The city is perched at an elevation of 435 meters and also the Capital of Uttarakhand. [59], sfn error: no target: CITEREFHuffington_post10_February_2017 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFTribune_India9_August_2015 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFHindustan_Times30_October_2015 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFThe_Hindu11_November_2014 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFThe_Times_of_India10_March_2016 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFThe_Wire11_February_2017 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFTribune_India26_November_2012 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFTribune_India17_September_2015 (, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Hemwati Nandan Bahuguna Garhwal University, "Uttarakhand gets Gairsain as its summer capital after Governor gives her assent", "Gairsain declared new summer capital of Uttarakhand", "Gairsain is Uttarakhand's summer capital", "BJP-Congress Tiff Over Taking Credit for Garsain, Uttarakhand's Summer Capital", "गैरसैंण का मुकद्दर अमरावती सा क्यों नहीं? Gairsain has an unusually gentle topography compared to the other areas of equivalent altitude in the Garhwal region. Taxi services are also available to destination like Chaukhutia, Ramnagar and other major towns and cities. Dehradun, the capital of the state, is the largest city. [1] Gairsain, initially a small hamlet, had a recorded population of 2,895 in 1981. But it was Dehradun in the plains that was names the temporary capital. [12] According to Hindu tradition the earliest King of this area seems to have been Kubera, the Lord of Yakshas. The activists in Uttarakhand wanted Gairsain to be the capital of Uttarakhand state after it was carved out of Uttar Pradesh in 1998. [5] It is easily accessible from both the Garhwal and the Kumaon divisions, and in a way, acts as the bridge between the two regions. A day after Gairsain was made the summer capital of Uttarakhand, AICC general secretary Harish Rawat asked Chief Minister Trivendra Singh Rawat on Tuesday to … Gairsain named Uttarakhand’s summer capital: All you need to know about the tehsil in Chamoli district Gairsain is a tehsil in Chamoli district and is located nearly 270 kilometres from Dehradun, which is the existing capital. Dehradun is known as the Education hub of Uttarakhand. In May 2014, a decision was taken by Uttarakhand government to constitute 'Gairsain Development Council' by merging the blocks of Gairsain in Chamoli and Chaukhutia in Almora,[31] and by the end of the year, there were plans to develop Gairsain as the Summer capital of Uttarakhand. Its capital is the northwestern city of Dehra Dun. Try to avoid outside hyperlinks inside the comment. It is the Weekend Gateway spot and Winter capital of Uttarakhand. But Dehradun was named as the capital when the state was formed on November 9, 2000. [34] Another session of the Uttarakhand Cabinet was held in Gairsain in 2017[35][36] and the following year, the state government decided to set up an integrated township at Bhararisain. [42] The brown soils, found in the forests and fields near the town, varies in colour from brown to dark brown depending on the quantity of organic matter contained therein. The Legislative Assembly of the state is located at Dehradun, the winter capital city. [13] The Katyuris were replaced by Chand Kings in Kumaon, while Garhwal was fragmented into several small principalities. A session of Uttarakhand Legislative Assembly was held on 17 and 18 November 2016 for the first time in the newly constructed, grand Uttarakhand Legislative Assembly building at Bhararisain, some 14 km away from Gairsain. At the time of its establishment, the city was spread over an area of 7.53 sq. Gairsain is well connected by roads with all major cities in the state. Dehradun, capital of Uttarakhand Dehradun is a beautiful city and a capital of Indian state of Uttarakhand nestled between the Himalayan foothills to the north and Shivalik to the south. [49] The population subsequently rose to 4,228 in 1991 and 6,258 in 2001. It is being considered as the future Permanent capital of Uttarakhand. The driest part of the year is the pre monsoon period when the humidity may drop to 35 percent during the afternoon.[42]. The effectiveness of the rains is, among others, related to low temperature which means less evapotranspiration from the surrounding forests and vegetation cover – indicating that the soil moisture in the area is well preserved. The state has two divisions—Garhwal and Kumaon—with 13 districts. [11] The other tradition envisages that Himalayan country is said to be made up of five divisions one of which is Kedar Khanda which has been specifically dealt within the Kedar Khand section of Skand Puran. The commission formed in the year 2001 got 10 extensions and submitted a report favoring Dehradun as the permanent capital of Uttarakhand. Last Updated: 08th June 2020 08:06 PM The state has two divisions—Garhwal and Kumaon—with 13 districts. [42] The relative humidity is moderately high during the monsoon season around 60 percent but the unpleasant effect is offset by the winds which make it less oppressive. The activists suggested Gairsain as the capital as it was falling on the border of Kumaon and Garhwal regions. Uttarakhand, located in the northern part of India, shares its borders with Nepal, Tibet, Uttar Pradesh and Himachal Pradesh. Dehra Dun was founded in 1699, when the heretical Sikh Guru Ram Rai was driven out of the Punjab and built DEHRADUN: Uttarakhand government on Monday formally declared Gairsain as the summer capital of Uttarakhand with governor notifying the same. [47] Gairsain comes under the Ramganga Soil Conservation Project that was initiated to contain the advancement of siltation in the Kalagarh dam. A day after Gairsain was made the summer capital of Uttarakhand, AICC general secretary Harish Rawat asked Chief Minister Trivendra Singh Rawat on Tuesday to … The announcement came after almost two decades after the formation of Uttarakhand in the year 2000. [24] An office of Directorate of Higher Education and Diet was inaugurated in Gairsain in 1991. It is bordered to the northwest by the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh, to the northeast by the Tibet Autonomous Region of China, to the southeast by Nepal, and to the south and southwest by the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. km, and the total population residing in the town is 7,138,[1] which gives it population density of 947.94 persons per square kilometer of area, which is greater than the state ratio of 189 people per square kilometer. Both these regions have scintillating views and sceneries. Statehood activists had long contended that Gairsain, a tehsil in Chamoli district, was best suited to be the capital of the mountainous state as it was a hilly region falling on the border of Kumaon and Garhwal regions. As per reports, locals have been demanding to have a capital at Gairsain for a long time, a town which is nestled … Abstain from posting comments that are obscene, defamatory or inflammatory, and do not indulge in personal attacks. [30] Although, the whole state, baring plains, is in Seismic Zone-5, In 2012, the then Chief Minister of Uttarakhand, Vijay Bahuguna organized a cabinet meeting in Gairsain. The number of men in the city is 3,582 while the number of women is 3,556,[1] which gives it a sex ratio of 100.73%. [45][46] The source of the Ramganga River, "Diwali Khal", is located near the town; The river flows besides the town, although at a much lower height from it. An adjoining village is named Gair (गैड़) and some attribute the name Gairsain as the deep plain area at the foot of Gair Village. After the Mahabharata war, Nagas, Kunindas, Kiratas, Tanganas and Khasas exercised control over this region. Gairsain [ɡɛːrˈsɛːɳ] is the summer capital of the Indian state of Uttarakhand. According to tradition, the name Gairsain is derived from the Garhwali words; Gair (गैर) meaning 'at some depth' and Sain (सैण) meaning 'rolling plains', referring to the somewhat flat land at some depth in otherwise hilly terrain. [55], The nearby operational airports are located in Pantnagar, Pithoragarh and Dehradun at a distance of approximately 195, 240 and 260 kilometers respectively. It lies in the northwestern part of the state in the foothills of the Himalayas at an elevation of about 2,200 feet (670 metres). Prithu appears to have been the first King from the plains to visit these parts. [17][18] In 1358, the 37th ruler, Ajay Pal, brought all the minor principalities for the Garhwal region, under his own rule, and founded the Garhwal Kingdom, with Devalgarh as its capital, which he later shifted to Srinagar.[19]. Disclaimer : We respect your thoughts and views! On the lines of National Capital Region (NCR) in Delhi, Uttarakhand state government will be building the 'State Capital Region' (SCR) around recently announced summer capital Gairsain. Express Photo. This town nestled in Garhwal region and is located at around 280km away from Dehradun, the winter capital. [54] In may 2019, the Ministry of Railways sanctioned the survey of a new railway track which would connect Gairsain with Tanakpur, Bageshwar, Chaukhutiya, and Karnaprayag. The nearest railway station to Gairsain is Ramnagar which is 150 km away. [26][27], After the formation of Uttarakhand on 9 November 2000, the demand for declaring Gairsain as the state capital started rising across the state. Dehradun is also a gateway to the many famous tourist places Haridwar, Rishikesh, Mussoorie, Tehri, etc. Dehradun, the capital of the state, is the largest city. The Kunindas and Kiratas are also reported to have been inhabitants of this region. Uttarakhand, también llamado Uttaranchal, es uno de los veintinueve estados que, junto con los siete territorios de la Unión, forman la República de la India.Su capital y ciudad más poblada es Dehradun.. Está ubicado al norte del país, limitando al norte con la República Popular China, al este con Nepal, al sur con Uttar Pradesh, al suroeste con Haryana y al oeste con Himachal Pradesh. Gairsain town is located 250 kilometers from Dehradun at 5,410 feet elevation spanning around 7.53 square kilometres with a population of around 12000. [42], Gairsain is located along an anticlinal thrust plane of the Almora nappe. Gairsain in Chamoli district was declared as the summer capital of Uttarakhand on Monday. We, together have achieved the milestone, no one else could. Uttarakhand commission recommends masterplan for summer capital Gairsain Garsain was one of the areas in the hill district of Chamoli which saw significant migration of locals to other states. The town with around 12000 residents surrounded by lush green hills with oak forests awaits its elevation to the permanent capital of the hill state. The northern zone, popularly known as the Himadri, contains segments of the Zaskar and the Great Himalaya ranges, with elevations ranging roughly from 10,000 to 25,000 feet (3,000 to 7,600 metres). [24] The Uttarakhand Kranti Dal, in the year 1992, formally declared Gairsain as the capital of the proposed state of Uttarakhand. With Governor Baby Rani Maurya giving her assent for declaration of Bhararisen (Gairsain) in Chamoli district as the summer capital of Uttarakhand Monday, a two-decade-long wait of the hill region came to an end. Dehradun in Uttarakhand is one of the oldest cities in India of Uttarakhand. Private bus operators as well as state transport buses ply to and from the town. [49] It was declared summer capital of Uttrakhand in June 2020. [14][15] Huen Tsang, the Chinese traveller, who visited the region around 629 AD, mentions a kingdom of Brahampura in the region. In 1839 the district of Garhwal came into existence after being separated from the Kumaon District. Making Gairsain capital of the hill state of Uttarakhand was also one of the promises in 'Mission Document' of the BJP in 2017 state assembly elections. With this event, hopes are high that its stature might be raised to that of the permanent capital of the state, in the near future.[7][9][10]. [37], On 4 March 2020, the chief minister of Uttarakhand, Trivendra Singh Rawat announced in the Legislative Assembly of the state during budget session that Gairsain would be declared the summer Capital of the state. DEHRADUN (Uttarakhand): Uttarakhand Chief Minister Trivendra Singh Rawat Wednesday announced that Gairsain will be the summer capital of the state, partially fulfilling the demand of the hill people to make it the permanent capital. [7] The Government of Uttarakhand had constituted the Dixit Commission for the search of a permanent capital; but the commission in its report had noted that "the interim capital, Dehradun, is a more suitable place as the permanent capital owing to the factors like its distance from national capital, centralised population and safety from natural calamities". Government of Uttarakhand | Dehradun, Capital of Uttarakhand. In addition, one session of the legislative assembly will be held annually in Gairsain.[50][51]. [2][3][4] Gairsain is a town and Nagar Panchayat in Chamoli district and is situated at the eastern edge of the vast Dudhatoli mountain range, located almost at the centre of the state, at a distance of approximately 250 kilometres from Dehradun. Gairsain Vikas Parishad has been looking over major infrastructure projects in and around Gairsain. Katyuri Kings ruled the present area from 9th to 11th centuries. The state government has given a status of Nagar Panchayat to Gairsain in 2015-16. Dehra Dun, city, capital of Uttarakhand state, northern India. Uttarakhand can be divided into several physiographic zones, all running parallel to each other from northwest to southeast. For any emergency during Lockdown,please call at Disaster Control Room - 1077,0135-2726066,2626066 There are several places well known temples, medicinal sulphur springs, buildings with historical importance, picnic spots in the city. 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